Pharming is a cyberattack that involves redirecting website traffic from its legitimate destination to a fraudulent website, often without the user’s knowledge. Instead of relying on deceptive emails or links, pharming manipulates the Domain Name System (DNS) or other methods to misdirect users to malicious sites. Victims might enter sensitive information like login credentials or financial details on these fake websites, thinking they are on a legitimate site. Pharming can have serious consequences, as it doesn’t rely on user actions like clicking links, making it a more surreptitious form of cybercrime.


A cybercriminal manipulating the DNS settings of a victim’s home router. When the victim types in the web address of their online banking website, the manipulated DNS settings redirect them to a fraudulent website that closely mimics the bank’s login page. The victim, unaware of the manipulation, enters their login credentials, which are then captured by the attacker. This method doesn’t require phishing emails or user interaction; it directly alters the network settings to redirect the victim to the malicious website.